Dr. Chan Ka Lok Kenneth

 (陳家洛 博士)

kklchen

Tel

3411-5754

Associate Professor
Director, Comparative Governance and Public Policy Research Centre, HKBU
President, Hong Kong Association for European Studies
Board Member, European Union Studies Association - Asia Pacific
Board Member, Hong Kong Unison
Member, Election Observation Project 2019
Advisory Board Member, Hong Kong Public Opinion Research Institute
Member of the Hong Kong Legislative Council (Hong Kong Island Geographical Constituency) 2012-2016

Publications

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Refereed Journal Articles

'Power through trade: opportunities and constraints of the European Union's norm entrepreneurship-the Case of Hong Kong', Asia Europe Journalhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s10308-019-00546-2

'Hong Kong in the world: continuities and changes', Asian Education and Development Studies, 8 (2019), https://doi.org/10.1108/AEDS-04-2018-0075

with Eric King-Man Chong, 'A critical appraisal of the international factors in "One Country, Two Systems" and democratization in Hong Kong', Asian Education and Development Studies, 8 (2019), https://doi.org/10.1108/AEDS-04-2018-0080

'Open Society and Its Enemies: East European Lessons for Hong Kong', Journal of Comparative Politics, 11 (2018), 49-64.

'Towards a Partnership for Global Norm Diffusion: The Strategic Importance of Hong Kong in EU-China Relations', Asia-Pacific Journal of EU Studies, 15 (2017), 1-26.

Guest Editor of Special Issue: 'Strategic Dialogue between the EU and Asia', Australian and New Zealand Journal of European Studies, 3 (2011), pp.82.

'Regional Integration and Security in Europe and Asia: A Comparative Analysis', Journal of Northeast Asia Development, 21 (2010), 21-43.

'Images, Visibility and the Prospects of Soft Power of the EU in Asia: The Case of China', Asia Europe Journal, 8 (2010), 133-147.

'Exerting Soft Power in Asia: Public Perceptions of the EU in Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea and Thailand', Journal of Comparative Politics, 2 (2009), 5-26.

'Constructing Relations with Hong Kong under "One Country, Two Systems". Prospects for the European Union', European Journal of East Asian Studies, 6 (2007), 245-273.

(with Marcus Chiu) 'The Politics of Citizenship: Political Participation of Mental Health Service Users in Hong Kong', Asian Journal of Social Science, 35 (2007), 288-308.

(with Marcus Chiu) Community Attitudes toward Discriminatory Practice against People with Severe Mental Illness in Hong Kong, International Journal for Psychiatry, 53 (2007), 159-174.

'Central and Eastern Europe in the 2004 European Parliament Elections: A Not So European Event', Journal of Constitutional Law in Eastern and Central Europe, 13 (2006), 133-171.

〈民主轉型時代選舉改革的理論探討〉 'Electoral Reform in the Age of Democratisation', 開放時代,廣洲: 人文社會科學院出版,2006年第3期, 74-88頁。

'Political Ideologies in Post-Communist Europe: Consensus or Disunity?', Central European Political Science Review (Budapest), 4 (2004), 28-53.

'Structuralism versus Intentionalism in Post-Communist Party System Evolution: The Polish Case', Party Politics, 7 (2001), 605-619.

'Idealism versus Realism in Institutional Choice: Explaining Electoral Reforms in Poland', West European Politics, 24 (2001), 65-88.

〈1989年以後:後共產主義世界的希望與泡影〉,香港社會科學學報,第14期(1999),1 – 61 (originally in English, translated into Chinese: 'After 1989: Hopes and Shadows in the Post-Communist World', Special Issue: A Decade of Post-Communism of Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences, 14 (1999), 1-61. The author is also the Guest Editor of the Special Issue. Other contributors include specialists from England, US, Norway and Hong Kong.

'The Polish General Election of September 1997', Electoral Studies, 17 (1998), 561-567.

'Państwa Autorytarne a Tajwanski Cud Gospodarczy', Studia Polityczna, 6 (1996), 117-125 (in Polish).

'Poland at the Crossroads: the 1993 General Election', Europe-Asia Studies, 47 (1995), 123-145.

Other Journal Articles

'A Happy Couple? A Critical Reflection on EU-China Relations', Eurotopics (Germany), 26 August 2008.

'Speak Truth to Power: Comments on the 5th Report of the Constitutional Taskforce', Hong Kong Christian Institute Newsletter, (issue 206), November 2005.

〈反客為主民主與生活〉,香港民主發展網絡,2004年7月1日. ('Democracy and Its Meanings to Our Living', Hong Kong Democratic Development Network (July 2004).)

〈民主政治與公民社會〉,,香港:基督徒學會,第89 期,(2004年5月,頁5-10. 'Democratic Politics and Civil Society', Refection (Hong Kong), 89 (2004), 5-10.

〈《基本法》第二十三條與香港政治發展〉,國事學會會訊,香港:浸會大學,2003年5月,頁3 – 6。

〈國家安全論述的正解與誤解〉,,香港:基督徒學會,第84期(2003年5月),頁5 – 8。

〈從政治學角度《基本法》第二十三條立法〉,正義和平,香港:天主教正義和平委員會,12(2002),頁6 – 8。

'Departmental Profile: The Department of Government and International Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University', ECPR News, 12 (2001), 19-21.

'Religion and Politics in Post-Communist Poland', East-West Dialogue, 3 (1998), 86-114.

'Post-Communist Party Politics: The New Polish Party System', Oxford International Review, 8 (1997), 40-44.

Contributions and Edited Volumes

Kenneth Chan and Audrey Lo, "'Red Lines' and 'No-Go Areas': Learning to Cope with Fear in the Shadow of the National Security Law", in Diana G. Mendoza and John Reiner M. Antiquerra (eds), Media Reporting of Elections in Asia: Issues, Challenges and Lessons, Bangkok, Thailand: Asian Network for Free Elections ANFREL Foundation, 2021, pp.55-75. The Book Launch and Webinar organized by ANFREL on The World Press Freedom Day (3 May 2021) can be viewed via The Hong Kong Election Observation Project's platform.

 

"For Our Freedom and Yours: Hong Kong's Call for International Solidarity," in Benny Yiu-ting Tai and Eric Yan-ho Lai (eds), One Country, One System, Hong Kong: Hong Kong Civic Hub, December 2019, 21-23. (Full article)

「沒有公民覺醒,哪有民主善治?如何在生活層面實踐民主」'Can There be Good Governance without Civic Awareness? Democracy as the Ordinary Virtue',馬嶽編著,《民主十問》,香港:香港城市大學出版社,2016年,34-50。

「 比較政治學︰ 方法論分析」'Comparative Politics: Methodological Analysis',載鄭宇碩 編, 《政治學新探︰中華經驗與西方學理》,香港﹕中文大學出版社,2009年,45-64。

'Bringing Public Opinion Back In: Public Perceptions of the EU in Thailand and South Korea', in Natalia Chaban and Martin Holland (eds), The EU and the Asia-Pacific, London and New York: Routledge, 2008, 126-148.

「沒有民主的政黨政治」載葉健民 編,《從97算起﹕公民社會的第一個十年》,香港﹕新力量網絡,2007年,26–37。

'Political Reform: The Challenge of Hong Kong's March Towards Democracy', in Rose Wu (ed.), "One Country, Two Systems" A Ten-Year Experiment and Beyond, Hong Kong: Hong Kong Christian Institute, 2007, 1-9.

'Asia-Pacific Images of the EU', in Martin Holland (eds), External Perceptions of the EU, the National Centre for Research on Europe (NCRE), University of Canterbury, New Zealand, 2007.

(with Lai Suet-Yi), 'The EU in the Eyes of Hong Kong', in Martin Holland et al (eds), The EU Through the Eyes of Asia, Media, Public and Elite Perceptions in China, Japan, Korea, Singapore and Thailand, Singapore and Warsaw: Asia-Europe Foundation, 2007, 67-103.

'The Visibility of the EU in Hong Kong under "One Country, Two Systems"', in Jessica Bain and Martin Holland (eds), European Union Identity: Perceptions from Asia and Europe, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2007, 107-124.

'Realising Democracy: The Daily Context', in Questions About Democracy, Hong Kong: Democratic Development Network, 2005, 29-41. 「如何在生活各層面落實民主?」,載《民主十問》,香港:香港民主發展網絡,2005年,頁29–41。

'Taking Stock of "One Country, Two Systems', in Wong Yiu-Chung (ed), Post-Handover Hong Kong: One Country, Two Systems in Practice, New York: Lexington, 2004, 35-60.

'Strands of Conservatism in Post-Communist Democracies: Adapting to Europeanization and Democratization', in Paul Lewis (ed), Party Development and Democratic Change in Post-Communist Europe: The First Decade, London and Portland, Oregon: Frank Cass, 2001, 152-78.

'The Religious Base of Politics in Post-Communist Poland: A Case of Bounded Secularisation', for inclusion in David Broughton and Hans-Martien ten Napel (eds), Religion and Mass Electoral Bahaviour in Europe, London & New York: ECPR/Routledge, 2000, 176-97.

'Executive-Legislative Relations', Special Commemorative Issue on the 10th Anniversary of the Promulgation of the HKSAR Basic Law, Hong Kong: Education Department, HKSAR Government, 2000, 42-43 (in Chinese).

'Migrants: Ignorance and fear of the unknown made Hong Kong resist the integration of mainland migrants', South China Morning Post Hong Kong Review 1999, 17 January 2000, 8-9.

'Humanitarian Intervention vs. State Sovereignty', in S.M. Chow (ed), Globalization, the New Millenium, New Thinking, Ming Pao Publication, 2000, 61-64 (in Chinese). An earlier version of this article is published in Ming Pao, December 23, 1999 〈主權、人權與國際介入〉,載鄒崇銘編《千禧年、全球化、新思維》,香港:明報出版社,2000年,頁61 – 64.

Book Review

'Book review: Kazimierz Poznanski, Poland's Protracted Transition: Institutional Change and Economic Growth, 1970-1994, Political Studies (UK), 46 (1998), 391.

Conference / Workshop Papers

"Teaching Hong Kong without Fear or Favour", paper presented at the Hong Kong Studies Association Inaugural Conference, University of Surrey, United Kingdom, 28-29 May 2021.

 

"The Impact of Covid-19 on Electoral Democracies: Global Comparison and Lessons Learnt", paper presented at the International Symposium "Transnational and Transdisciplinary Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic", organised by GIS in association with the Department of Sport, Physical Education and Health and David C. Lam Institute for East-West Studies (LEWI), 20-21 May 2021.

 

"Hong Kong Calling: A Critical Examination of EU's Position During the 2019 Anti-Government Protests", paper presented at the Polish European Community Studies Association Annual Conference, Warsaw, Poland, 5 December 2019.

"Multilateralism with Chinese Characteristics", paper presented at The GLOBUS and Egmont Institute Policy Dialogue: Which future for multilateralism?, Brussels, Belgium, 24 November 2019.

"The End of Communism in the Eyes of the CCP", paper presented at the 30th Anniversary of the Czechoslovak Velvet Revolution Workshop, co-organized by the Consulate General of the Czech Republic in Hong Kong and the Department of Sociology and Social Policy, Lingnan University, Hong Kong, 5 November 2019.

"The End of Communism in the Eyes of the CCP", paper presented at the 19th Hong Kong Political Science Association Annual Conference, Hong Kong Baptist University, 26 October 2019.

'Blurring the Boundaries of Two Systems: The "Militarization" of the Central Harbourfront', Paper presented at the First Hong Kong Studies Association Conference, University of Hong Kong, 22 June 2019.

"Hong Kong's Global Standing: From Blowing Our Trumpet to Addressing Capabilities-Expectations Gap", paper presented at the International Conference on Cultural Governance in Asia 2019. Panel 9: Place-making and City-branding 1, City University of Hong Kong and Shue Yan University, 10-11 May 2019.

'Open Society and Its Enemies: East European Lessons for Civil Society in Post-Umbrella Movement Era', Paper given at the Hong Kong Political Science Association Annual Conference, City University of Hong Kong, 3 November 2018.

Panel Chair, 'Imperial Visions and Organized Crimes', Hong Kong Political Science Association Annual Conference, City University of Hong Kong, 3 November 2018.

Chair, 'Round Table: Opportunities and Challenges of Policy Research and Advocacy in Hong Kong', Hong Kong Political Science Association Annual Conference, City University of Hong Kong, 3 November 2018.

Discussant, 'Forecast Errors in Pre-Election Media Polls' by Robert Luskin, organized by Public Opinion Programme, University of Hong Kong and School of Communication Hong Kong Baptist University, 2 November 2018.

'Hong Kong-EU Relations amidst Brexit and Mainlandization', Paper presented at World Social Science Forum 2018, Fukuoka International Congress Centre, Fukuoka, Japan, September 25-28, 2018.

'The EU as a Norm Setter in Hong Kong: Opportunities and Constraints', Paper presented at the 2018 European Union Studies Association-Asia Pacific Annual Conference—"The Future of the EU and European Integration in the aftermath of Crises", Taipei, Republic of China, June 28-30, 2018.

'EU-Hong Kong Strategic Partnership against the Background of "Brexit" and "Mainlandization"', Paper present at the European Union Academic Programme-Macau Bi-annual Conference—"60 Years after the Treaties of Rome: What is the Future for the European Union", November 27-28, 2017.

'Falling between Two Stools: "Decentring" EU Foreign Policy and Implications for the "Human Rights dialogues" with China', Paper presented at the Joint EU Centres' Conference, Melbourne, Australia, October 16-18, 2017.

'Open Society and Its Enemies: The Crisis of "One Country, Two Systems" and the Future of the Democracy Movement." Paper presented at the "Hong Kong 20" Conference at Hong Kong Baptist University, September 21-22, 2017.

'Towards a Partnership for Norm Diffusion: The Strategic Importance of Hong Kong in EU-China Relations.' Paper presented at the 2017 European Union Studies Association-Asia Pacific Annual Conference—"The Roles of the EU and the Asia Pacific in the Global Era", Tokyo, July 1-2, 2017.

(With Winnie Chan) 'Global Cities, Soft Power and Paradiplomacy: The Case for Hong Kong as a Norm Entrepreneur', Paper presented at the Hong Kong Political Science Association Conference, Education University of Hong Kong, May 31, 2017.

'The Predicaments of Civil Society: The Case of Hong Kong', Paper presented at the International Conference "Civil Society and Public Policy Developments: Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, and China Compared", organized by the Taiwan Heritage Foundation, Taipei, December 14-15, 2013.

'The Relevance of EU External Action in Asia-Pacific Region: An Empirical Analysis', paper presented at the EUSA Annual Conference, 'Assessing the External Impact of the Lisbon Treaty within the Asia Pacific Region' Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, February 17-19, 2011.

'2011 Assembly of Democracy in Asia', Taipei, Taiwan, August 22-23, 2011.

'Images, Visibility and the Prospects of Soft Power of the EU in Asia: The Case of China', Paper presented at the EUSA Annual Conference, 'Connections and Dialogues: The European Union and the Asia Pacific: Perceptions, Policies, Perspectives', JNU, New Delhi, January 8-9, 2010.

Panel Chair, 'The New Europe', at the International Conference 'Europe Twenty Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall: Overcoming "East and West"', Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand, November 3-4, 2009.

'Asia in the Eyes of Europe: Insights on Methodology', Paper presented at the 6th International Convention of Asian Scholars, Daejeon, Korea, August 6-9, 2009.

Moderator and Co-organizer of Public Forum on Academic Freedom: The Case of HK Institute of Education, April 18, 2009.

'Chinese Perceptions of EU / Europe', Paper presented at the International Conference 'EU-China Relations: Developments, Challenges, Prospects, University College Cork, March 30-31, 2009.

「2009协商民主与地方公共预算学术研讨会」,浙江省澤國鎮,'Deliberative Democracy and Local Budgeting 2009', Zeguo Township, Zhejiang, February 21-22, 2009.

'The Applicability of Deliberative Polling in Hong Kong', with Dr Alice Siu, Deputy Director of Centre for Deliberative Democracy, Stanford University, Public Opinion Programme, Hong Kong University, February 27, 2009.

'Context Matters: The Roles and Expectations of Political Parties in Hong Kong', Paper given to City University associate degree programme in Public Policy and Management, January 7, 2009.

'How to Party?' speech delivered at the National Democratic Initiative training programme at HKBU, November 1, 2008.

'Public Engagement: Theories and Practice', paper delivered at the Professional Commons seminar at HKBU, October 25, 2008.

'The Politics We Love. The Politics We Hate.', organized by General Education Programme, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Admiralty, Hong Kong, October 24, 2008.

'EU in the Eyes of Hong Kong', Paper presented at the European Studies in Asia (ESiA) Book Launch and Panel Discussion, jointly organized by the Asia-Europe Foundation and the Renmin University of China, Beijing News Plaza Hotel, Beijing, October 22, 2008.

'EU in the Eyes of Hong Kong', Paper presented at the European Studies in Asia (ESiA) Book Launch and Public Seminar, jointly organized by the European Commission Office for Hong Kong and Macau, the Asia-Europe Foundation, and the Department of Government and International Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University, October 15, 2008.

'EU-China Relations: Perceptions and Realities', Paper presented at the Department of Politics, the University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand, August 21, 2008.

'Home Grown vs. Imported European Studies: Hong Kong and Macau Compared', Paper presented at the international conference Teaching the EU in Asia-Challenges and Solutions, Kobe, Japan, January 25-26, 2008.

'The European Union in the Eyes of Hong Kong Elites', Paper presented at the international conference The Future of European Studies in Asia, the Ateneo de Manila University, the Philippines, December 5-7, 2007.

'China, Hong Kong and the External Relations of the EU', Paper presented at the international conference 50 Years of External Relations of the European Union, Warsaw School of Management, Warsaw, Poland, May 11-13, 2007.

'EU-China-Hong Kong Triadic Relations', Paper presented at the international workshop The EU through the Eyes of Asian Media', Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, December 11-13, 2006.

'Reporting about the EU in Asia: A Comparative Study', paper prepared for The Third Pan-European Conference on EU Politics, Istanbul, Turkey, September 21-23, 2006.

'It's Good to Talk, but It's Best to Act!-Promoting the EU in Hong Kong', paper presented at the NESCA Second Workshop 2006-The EU's new identity and its perception in Asia, in the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand, July 27-29, 2006.

'Ethical Civil Society and Democratisation in Communist Europe', paper presented at International Conference "NGO, NPO and Modern Societies", organized by Chu Hai College, Hong Kong, January 8-9, 2006.

'Perceptions of the EU in Asia-Pacific Region: Findings from a Survey of Public Opinion', (with Martin Holland, Natalia Chaban and Brad Jones) Multilateralism and Regionalism in Europe and Asia-Pacific'Perceptions of the EU in Asia-Pacific Region: Findings from a Survey of Public Opinion', Asia-Pacific EUSA Conference, Tokyo, 8-10 December, 2005.

'Perceptions of the EU in the Asia-Pacific Region', paper prepared for International Conference (with Michael DeGolyer) "The EU-Asia Relations: Building Multi-Lateralism", Department of Government and International Studies, May 20-21, 2005.

'There Is No Alternative? New EU Members States in the European Parliament Elections 2004', paper prepared for International Conference "Outside Looking In: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the EU", organized by the National Centre for Research on Europe. Christchurch, New Zealand, September 9-11, 2004.

By Invitation: 4th Biannual Meeting of the European Studies Centre in Asia, Institute of European Studies of Macau, April 7-8, 2004.

By Invitation: "Mental Illness and Citizenship in Hong Kong" survey presented at the Second Asia-Pacific Advocacy Skills Workshop by the World Fellowship for Schizophrenia and Allied Disorders and SANE Australia, and the Mental Health Association of Hong Kong, February 25-27, 2004.

'Citizenship and Mental Health in Hong Kong', paper presented at the 2nd Conference on Social Exclusion and Marginality in Chinese Societies: Rethinking and Recasting Citizenship, Centre for Social Policy Studies, Department of Applied Social Studies, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, November 21-22, 2003.

By Invitation: 'Civil Society and Human Rights in Hong Kong', at the Workshop on "Human Rights Movement in Hong Kong after July 1", Society for Community Organization, 27-28 September 2003.

'Idealism versus Realism in Institutional Choice: Generalising from the Polish Case', paper presented to the ECPR 2001 Conference at the University of Kent at Canterbury, September 6-10, 2001.

'Regional Integration and Security in Europe and the Asia-Pacific: A Comparative Analysis', paper presented at the International Studies Association 2001 Hong Kong Conference, July 26-28, 2001.

By invitation: 'Strands of Conservative Politics in Post-Communist Democracies: Adapting to Europeanisation and Democratisation', paper presented at the Hungarian Twentieth Century Institute International Conference, 'Ten Years Freedom-Transition and Consolidation of Democracy. The Case of Central Europe (1990-2000)', in Budapest, Hungary, October 30-November 1, 2000.

By invitation: 'Institutional Development and Democratic Consolidation in Post-Communist Poland', paper presented at the Department of Government and Society of the University of Limerick, Ireland, May 18, 2000.

'In Search of Democratic Governance in Post-Communist Poland: An Institutional Perspective', paper presented at the 28th ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops (April 2000), Copenhagen, Denmark.

By invitation: 'Overcoming Diversity in Europe: Lessons for Asia', paper presented at the 1st Asian Integration Conference, The Implications of European Integration for Northeast Asia, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, on April 11, 2000.

'Conservatism in Poland', paper presented at the Grupa Windsor Foundation, Warsaw, Poland, April 1-2, 1999.

'Civil Society in Poland and Eastern Europe', paper presented at the Department of Government and Public Administration, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, March 22, 1999.

'Strands of Conservatism in Post-Communist Democracies', paper presented at the 27th ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops (March 1999), Mannheim, Germany.

'Party System Evolution and Democratic Consolidation in Post-Communist Poland', paper presented at the Faculty Research Support Network Seminar, April 24, 1998.

'Democratisation and Party System Evolution in Poland', paper presented at the 26th ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops (March 1998), Warwick, England.

'Religion and Politics in Post-Communist Poland', paper presented at the 25th European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) Joint Sessions of Workshops (March 1997), Bern, Switzerland. Nominated for the ECPR Rudolf Wildenmann Prize 1997.

Dissertations and Research Reports

Democratic Local Governance in Hong Kong: Principles, Visions, Reforms, Hong Kong: District Councils Reform Alliance, February 2006. The paper was subsequently submitted to the Legislative Council.

The EU through the Eyes of the Asia-Pacific: Public Perceptions and Media Representations in South Korea, Thailand, Australia and New Zealand, the National Centre for Research on Europe (NCRE), (with Martin Holland, Natalia Chaban and Brad Jones) University of Canterbury, New Zealand, October 2005.

Report on the 2005 7.1 Mock Referendum, July 23, 2005. (full report available from http://hkupop.hku.hk/)

Referendums Around the World and Lessons for Hong Kong 「全民投票的環球經驗及對香港的啟示研究報告」 February 16, 2005. with Dr Robert Chung of the Public Opinion Programme, Hong Kong University (full report available from http://hkupop.hku.hk/)

'Central and Eastern Europe in the 2004 European Parliament Elections: A Not So European Event', Sussex, UK: Sussex European Institute Working Papers in Contemporary European Studies, No. 81, November 2004.

Survey on Mental Illness and Citizenship: problems facing people affected by mental illness and Hong Kong citizens' understanding about them. A press conference was held on the occasion of the World Mental Health Day, 10 October 2003.

Relationship between the Government and the Opposition, Submission to Panel on Constitutional Affairs of the Hong Kong Legislative Council, December 2002.

Response to Hong Kong SAR Government Consultation Document on Proposals to Implement Article 23 of the Basic Law, Submission to the Security Bureau, HKSAR Government, December 2002.

Big Shock, but Little Therapy—The Sutherland Report and the Future of the Hong Kong Academic Community, Submission to the Universities Grants Committee, May 2002.

Forming Opinions More Thoughtfully: The First Deliberative Opinion Poll in Hong Kong, November 1999 (with Donis Chan and Michael DeGolyer).

Explaining Political Parties and Party System Formation in Post-Communist Poland, unpublished D.Phil. dissertation, University of Oxford, December 1998.

On the Road to Solidarity: Intellectuals and Workers 1970-1980, unpublished M.Phil. dissertation, University of Oxford, April 1992.